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Glossary of terms

This glossary defines terms related to the economy and the job market.
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A temporary federal agricultural program with three purposes; (1) to provide labor for growers; (2) to protect foreign workers from being underpaid; (3) to protect domestic workers from losing their jobs to cheap foreign laborers.  It was established to assist agricultural employers who anticipate a shortage of domestic workers. The program allows employers to bring nonimmigrant foreign workers to the U.S. to perform agricultural labor or services of a temporary or seasonal nature. Workers brought into the U.S. must be paid the “prevailing wage” for the crop and activity in which they work. Every two years, the prevailing wage is determined by the state and filed with the Department of Labor.

Hourly wage rate

The wage that an employee earns in a single hour, paid for every hour the employee works.


A household includes all the people living in a single residence, regardless of relationship.