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Title

Quality Assurance Project Plan: Flame Retardants in General Consumer and Children's Products

 
Publication number Date Published
12-07-025August 2012
VIEW NOW: Quality Assurance Project Plan: Flame Retardants in General Consumer and Children's Products (Number of pages: 29) (Publication Size: 270KB)




Addendum #1 to Quality Assurance Project Plan
(8 pages) (145KB)

Addendum #2 to Quality Assurance Project Plan
(14 pages) (668KB)

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Author(s) Alex Stone, Sc. D.
Description Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are a class of persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) compounds that were used historically as flame retardants in a wide range of consumer products. PBDEs are ubiquitous in air, soil and sediment and are building up in animals throughout the food chain. They are released from various products and transported via air and storm water to the environment. Higher levels of PBDEs are found in urban areas, making PBDE contamination particularly relevant to the highly urbanized Puget Sound Basin. PBDEs have been detected in harbor seal pups, migrating salmon and ‘…PBDEs are bioaccumulating to high concentrations in Puget Sound killer whales.’(Ecology, 2011d).

The Washington State Department of Ecology’s (Ecology) Hazardous Waste and Toxics Reduction (HWTR) and Waste 2 Resources (W2R) Programs are conducting a study to evaluate presence of flame retardant chemicals such as PBDEs, in general consumer and children’s products. Goals of the study, funded by the US Environmental Protection Agency’s National Estuary Program (NEP), are to 1) determine compliance with Washington State’s ban on the PBDE class of flame retardants, 2) evaluate the level of substitute flame retardants in various consumer products, and 3) verify compliance with Washington’s Children’s Safe Product Act (CSPA) for flame retardants on the list of Chemicals of High Concern to Children (CHCCs).

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) will be used to detect levels of bromine and chlorine which are potentially indicative of halogenated flame retardants.

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Keywords flame retardants, PBT, product testing, quality assurance project plan, reducing toxic threats, reducing toxics, PBDEs, PBTs, flame retardant
WEB PAGE What are flame retardants?
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